RF.2: Phonological Awareness

Anchor StandardThe Reading-Foundational Skills strand is not linked to an Anchor Standard.
1st GradeRF.1.2 Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes). a) Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words. b) Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant blends. c) Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words. d) Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes).
KindergartenRF.K.2 Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes). a) Recognize and produce rhyming words. b) Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words. c) Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words. d) Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words.1 (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.) e) Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words.
Anchor NotesTo build a foundation for college and career readiness, students must read widely and deeply from among a broad range of high-quality, increasingly challenging literary and informational texts. Through extensive reading of stories, dramas, poems, and myths from diverse cultures and different time periods, students gain literary and cultural knowledge as well as familiarity with various text structures and elements. By reading texts in history/social studies, science, and other disciplines, students build a foundation of knowledge in these fields that will also give them the background to be better readers in all content areas. Students can only gain this foundation when the curriculum is intentionally and coherently structured to develop rich content knowledge within and across grades. Students also acquire the habits of reading independently and closely, which are essential to their future success.

Note:  RF.2 is only found in K-1.
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