L.2: Conventions of Standard English

Anchor StandardCCRA.L.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
11th-12th GradesL.11-12.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a) Observe hyphenation conventions. b) Spell correctly.
9th-10th GradesL.9-10.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a) Use a semicolon (and perhaps a conjunctive adverb) to link two or more closely related independent clauses. b) Use a colon to introduce a list or quotation. c) Spell correctly.
8th GradeL.8.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a) Use punctuation (comma, ellipsis, dash) to indicate a pause or break. b) Use an ellipsis to indicate an omission. c) Spell correctly.
7th GradeL.7.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a) Use a comma to separate coordinate adjectives (e.g., It was a fascinating, enjoyable movie but not He wore an old[,] green shirt). b) Spell correctly.
6th GradeL.6.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a) Use punctuation (commas, parentheses, dashes) to set off nonrestrictive/parenthetical elements.* b) Spell correctly.
5th GradeL.5.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a) Use punctuation to separate items in a series.* b) Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of the sentence. c) Use a comma to set off the words yes and no (e.g., Yes, thank you), to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence (e.g., It’s true, isn’t it?), and to indicate direct address (e.g., Is that you, Steve?). d) Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works. e) Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.
4th GradeL.4.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a) Use correct capitalization. b) Use commas and quotation marks to mark direct speech and quotations from a text. c) Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction in a compound sentence. d) Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.
3rd GradeL.3.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a) Capitalize appropriate words in titles. b) Use commas in addresses. c) Use commas and quotation marks in dialogue. d) Form and use possessives. e) Use conventional spelling for high-frequency and other studied words and for adding suffixes to base words (e.g., sitting, smiled, cries, happiness). f) Use spelling patterns and generalizations (e.g., word families, position-based spellings, syllable patterns, ending rules, meaningful word parts) in writing words. g) Consult reference materials, including beginning dictionaries, as needed to check and correct spellings.
2nd GradeL.2.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a) Capitalize holidays, product names, and geographic names. b) Use commas in greetings and closings of letters. c) Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives. d) Generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words (e.g., cage ? badge; boy ? boil). e) Consult reference materials, including beginning dictionaries, as needed to check and correct spellings.
1st GradeL.1.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a) Capitalize dates and names of people. b) Use end punctuation for sentences. c) Use commas in dates and to separate single words in a series. d) Use conventional spelling for words with common spelling patterns and for frequently occurring irregular words. e) Spell untaught words phonetically, drawing on phonemic awareness and spelling conventions.
KindergartenL.K.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a) Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I. b) Recognize and name end punctuation. c) Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short-vowel sounds (phonemes). d) Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships.
Anchor NotesTo build a foundation for college and career readiness in language, students must gain control over many conventions of standard English grammar, usage, and mechanics as well as learn other ways to use language to convey meaning effectively. They must also be able to determine or clarify the meaning of grade-appropriate words encountered through listening, reading, and media use; come to appreciate that words have nonliteral meanings, shadings of meaning, and relationships to other words; and expand their vocabulary in the course of studying content. The inclusion of Language standards in their own strand should not be taken as an indication that skills related to conventions, effective language use, and vocabulary are unimportant to reading, writing, speaking, and listening; indeed, they are inseparable from such contexts.

Note: Standards marked with an asterisk (*) in Language standards 1–3, are particularly likely to require continued attention in higher grades as they are applied to increasingly sophisticated writing and speaking. See the Language Progressive Skills chart for more information.
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